Topics: C-suite, Finance and Accounting Transformation, Mergers & Acquisitions

Navigating Accounting Operations Post M&A: A Guide for Finance Leaders

Posted on March 07, 2023
Written By Siddharth Sujan


A successful merger or acquisition (M&A) can feel like the ultimate triumph for a business – a chance to expand, acquire new technology or talent, and create new synergies. But what happens when the deal is done and the dust has settled? All too often, companies find that the integration process can be fraught with challenges and complications that can impact every aspect of the newly combined business.

In the wake of a merger or acquisition, a company’s finance and accounting teams are often called upon to shoulder a disproportionate share of the resulting burden. From reconciling complex financial statements to adapting to new systems and processes, finance leaders must navigate a range of challenges to ensure that the integration process is a success.

However, with the right approach, finance leaders can not only steer a company through the intricacies of post-merger integration but also emerge with a finance function that is stronger, more strategic, and better equipped to support the overall business goals.

In this guide, we’ll explore the complexities of finance and accounting post-M&A, the potential disruptions it can cause, and strategies for finance leaders to navigate this critical process.

  • What is post-merger integration?
  • How do mergers & acquisitions impact accounting operations?
  • How important is it to develop a post-M&A accounting integration plan?
  • What are the steps for post-merger accounting?
  • What are the most common challenges in post-merger accounting?
  • What are the best practices for post-merger accounting integration?

What is post-merger integration?

Post-merger integration is a dynamic and intricate process aimed at aligning businesses following a merger or acquisition. At its heart, it involves integrating two separate business entities, each possessing distinct cultures, systems, and operations. A well-executed post-merger integration can be transformative, empowering business leaders to turbocharge towards the long-term objectives of the combined organization.

How do mergers & acquisitions impact accounting operations?

The significant effects of mergers and acquisitions on a company’s accounting procedures persist well beyond the completion of the transaction. As finance leaders, it is essential to be aware of the various ways in which M&As can affect accounting operations:

1. Financial Statements: M&A will invariably impact the financial statements of both the acquiring and acquired companies. As a result, it is necessary to restate financial statements to reflect changes in ownership and capital structure. Failure to do so may result in misrepresentations, inaccuracies, and potential legal and financial risks.

2. Accounting Systems: M&A activity can cause significant disruptions to the accounting systems of both companies involved. Reconciling different accounting methods and establishing consistent accounting policies across the new organization is crucial for aligning processes, maintaining data accuracy, and ensuring timely and accurate financial reporting.

3. Tax Implications: The impact of M&A activity on tax implications cannot be underestimated. The consequences can be significant, affecting tax liabilities, deductions, and credits. Finance executives must develop a comprehensive long-term tax plan that takes into account the potential risks and opportunities arising from the M&A transaction.

4. Asset Valuation: M&A activity also has the power to significantly alter asset valuations, from goodwill to trademarks and patents. Effective accounting operations and robust policies become all the more crucial post mergers to ensure a successful future.

5. Compliance: Mergers and acquisitions may trigger new regulatory compliance requirements, including accounting and reporting regulations, which directly impact operations. Finance leaders must ensure compliance with all relevant regulations and develop a comprehensive compliance plan.

Did you know that 9 / 10 transactions succeed if the integration/carve-out of the Finance function is performed well?

Source: PwC

How important is it to develop a post-M&A accounting integration plan?

An accounting integration plan post-merger or acquisition typically involves integrating the financial and accounting systems of the two companies into a single, unified system.

Without a plan in place, finance leaders may struggle to integrate the two systems effectively, leading to inaccuracies, incomplete financial reporting, and potential legal and regulatory issues. Additionally, an accounting integration plan helps finance leaders identify risks & challenges that may arise during the integration process. Moreover, addressing these issues early on instills confidence in investors and stakeholders, ensuring the M&A process is smooth and successful, setting the combined company up for long-term financial stability.

One of the largest manufacturers of metallic aerospace detailed parts in Europe started experiencing rapid growth over a period of time, which led to high levels of complexity in the accounting processes.

Read the case study to know how QX worked closely with the client to implement a customized finance and accounting (F&A) solution that helped the client standardize process and enable digital transformation.

What are the steps for post-merger accounting?

Post-merger accounting is a crucial yet complex process that demands a strategic approach and expert execution. By following this rigorous eight-step plan, companies can navigate the complexities of post-merger accounting with confidence and lay the foundation for long-term success.


1. Form a strong integration team comprising of experts from accounting, finance, IT, and other relevant areas to develop and implement the accounting integration plan.

2. Reconcile the financial statements of both companies to ensure that any differences in accounting policies, revenue recognition, inventory valuation, and depreciation are resolved.

3. Standardize the chart of accounts, eliminate any duplications or redundancies, and ensure that the financial reporting is accurate and consistent.

4. Integrate the accounting systems of both companies by selecting a new system or modifying an existing one to meet the needs of the combined company.

5. Produce new financial reports that reflect the new structure of the company. This may involve changes to the format and content of existing reports.

6. Address the tax implications of the merger or acquisition by restructuring the tax structure to minimize liabilities.

7. Conduct an audit of the combined company to ensure that financial statements are accurate and comply with applicable accounting standards.

8. Communicate the accounting integration plan clearly to all stakeholders, including employees, investors, and customers. This will help ensure a smooth transition and avoid any misunderstandings or confusion.

What are the most common challenges in post-merger accounting?

Effective management of the financial aspects of a merger or acquisition is crucial to the success of the combined entity, and CFOs play a pivotal role in this process. In addition to the issues arising from an ineffective integration plan, finance leaders may face several challenges during this phase.


Let us decode some of the most common ones for better understanding.

1. Managing Stakeholder Expectations – Stakeholders, including shareholders, employees, and regulators, may have divergent expectations for the merged entity, creating a challenging balancing act for finance leaders. To tackle this, executives must develop clear and concise communication strategies that effectively convey the financial position of the merged entity, highlighting its strengths and addressing potential weaknesses.

2. Making long-term projections As a finance leader, your ability to make accurate long-term projections can be really tested in the post-merger accounting process. Failure to do so can result in inaccurate forecasting of future financial performance, making it challenging to identify potential risks and opportunities. Therefore, a rigorous analysis that considers key questions such as future financial results, accounting implications, and metrics for defining success is critical.

3. Managing Working Capital – Effective management of working capital is a crucial element for the success of the merged entity, and it falls upon finance leaders to ensure sufficient liquidity to meet the business’s needs. This entails managing cash flows, optimizing inventory levels, and ensuring efficient accounts receivable and accounts payable management.

4. Poor Team Organization – Finance leaders must ensure that there is clear communication between team members and leadership, and that each team member has a clearly defined role and set of tasks. This helps prevent redundancies and promotes efficient use of resources, ultimately leading to successful post-merger integration.

Source: McKinsey

5. Managing Costs– Mergers and acquisitions can be expensive, and finance leaders must manage costs effectively to ensure that the financial performance of the merged entity is sustainable. This can involve identifying cost savings opportunities, streamlining processes, and negotiating favorable terms with suppliers and vendors.

6. Capturing Synergies – Finally, finance leaders need to ensure that the post-merger accounting process captures the fundamental values behind the merger, including identifying and capturing synergies. This involves working with other leaders in the organization to identify opportunities for revenue growth & operational improvements and ensuring that these opportunities are realized during the integration process.

What are the best practices for post-merger accounting integration?

In order to successfully integrate the accounting functions after a merger, finance leaders must adopt a strategic approach. This includes carefully considering and implementing key practices that will pave the way for a smooth transition.


Some of these best practices are:

1. Follow Robust Documentation: Neglecting documentation in post-merger integration is a costly mistake that finance leaders cannot afford. Comprehensive documentation of every decision, action item, and timeline is crucial for successful integration, providing clarity and transparency of the integration strategy and goals. It is equally important to clarify all assumptions before proceeding, avoiding the assumption of any information that could derail the integration process.

2. Provide Comprehensive Training: To ensure a successful integration of the accounting functions, it is crucial to provide proper training to the accounting staff of both companies. The training should not only cover the new accounting policies, procedures, and systems but also highlight any differences and similarities with the old systems. By doing so, the staff will be better equipped to navigate the new system and avoid any potential errors.

3. Prioritize Consistent Communication: Finance leaders must prioritize consistent communication among key players, including M&A leaders, Operations, and the Finance team. Establishing an expectation for communication cadence early in the process goes a long way in getting everyone on the same page and addressing critical issues promptly. Neglecting to prioritize consistent communication can lead to costly delays, missed opportunities, and decreased efficiency.

4. Invest in Right Talent: For finance leaders seeking to achieve a successful M&A, it’s crucial to realistically assess their team’s skills and identify gaps. This includes evaluating the ability of their integration team to execute the complex tasks associated with M&A, and determining whether they possess the specialized knowledge necessary to tackle niche elements of the transaction. Contracting outside talent can provide critical support to the team and help fill any skills gaps that may exist, ensuring that every aspect of the deal is handled with precision and care.

A recruitment giant comprising of a network of 20+ brands grown through mergers and acquisitions was looking to build a plug-and-play model to easily integrate services for newly acquired brands.

Read the case study to learn how QX worked with the client to set up a future-ready Global Business Services (GBS) center that helped them achieve annual cost savings of over £5 million!

5. Monitor Performance with KPIs: To optimize the integration process and set the base for long-term success, finance leaders must undertake strategic measures like implementing ongoing performance monitoring and tracking key performance indicators (KPIs). Regular checks on accounts payable, accounts receivable, and cash flow KPIs will help track progress and identify areas of improvement. Prompt action can be taken by monitoring these indicators to address deviations from the expected performance levels and prevent potential financial losses or reputational damage.

QX Global Group: Helping Businesses Streamline Post-merger Integrations

By now, we know that post-merger accounting integration is a complex web of interconnected processes that, if not handled carefully, can cause major disruptions to the overall business. This is where the expertise & experience of an M&A specialist can prove to be a game-changer.

By leveraging third-party specialists’ specialized knowledge and resources, finance leaders can ensure that their integration process is executed with precision, efficiency, and in compliance with all relevant regulations.

QX Global Group is a leading consulting, automation & BPM company helps clients across industries to streamline post-merger operations. We boast of a deep talent pool of experienced professionals who specialize in post-merger integration, including experts in accounting, tax, and legal, amongst other areas. In addition to providing insights and recommendations, our experts also help implement best practices that help streamline complex tasks such as reconciling financial data, aligning accounting policies and procedures, and implementing new accounting systems.

Our solutions have helped our clients set up a plug-and-play model that introduces infinite scalability and allows organizations to integrate newly acquired businesses seamlessly. Connect with our team of M&A experts to learn more about our service offerings and understand how we can work with you to enable & accelerate business transformation.

Originally published Mar 07, 2023 10:03:04, updated Mar 07 2023

Topics: C-suite, Finance and Accounting Transformation, Mergers & Acquisitions

Don't forget to share this post!

Related Topics

QX Global Group Becomes a Member of APSCo OutSource to Better Serve the Recruitment Industry

QX Global Group Becomes a Member of APSC...

30 Mar 2023

We are pleased to announce that QX Global Group has become a trusted partner of the APSCo OutSource ...

Read More
Building a Robust FP&A Process: Best Practices and Key Considerations

Building a Robust FP&A Process: Best...

27 Mar 2023

Over the past few years, the business landscape has undergone significant changes, leading to new ex...

Read More

Mastering DSO: Key to Measuring Accounts...

22 Mar 2023

As a finance leader, managing accounts receivable (AR) is critical for maintaining a healthy cash fl...

Read More
Recruitment Process Outsourcing Services

Checklist for RPO Buyers: How to Choose ...

14 Mar 2023

Thinking about outsourcing your recruitment process? Choosing RPO solutions perfect for your busines...

Read More

Subscribe to our blog

Get the latest posts in email

We’re committed to your privacy. QX uses the information you provide to us to contact you about our relevant content, products, and services. You may unsubscribe from these communications at any time. For more information, check out our privacy policy.